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Tamil Kurukeluthu 11




Tamil Kurukeluthu 11


Tamil Kurukeluthu 11




Tamil Kurukeluthu 11 is the eleventh chapter of the Thirukkural, a classic Tamil text that contains 1330 couplets on various aspects of life and ethics. The title of this chapter can be translated as "Gratitude for Good Deeds". It consists of ten couplets that explain the importance of recognizing and repaying the kindness shown by others, especially in times of need.




Tamil Kurukeluthu 11



The Thirukkural was written by Thiruvalluvar, a legendary poet and philosopher who lived around the 3rd century BCE. The Thirukkural is considered one of the most influential and widely read works in Tamil literature. It covers topics such as virtue, wealth, love, friendship, politics, morality, and spirituality. The Thirukkural is divided into three sections: Aram (Righteousness), Porul (Wealth), and Inbam (Love). Each section has 133 chapters, and each chapter has ten couplets. The couplets are concise and elegant, using simple words and metaphors to convey profound meanings.


The eleventh chapter of the Thirukkural belongs to the first section, Aram, which deals with the ethical and moral values that one should follow in life. The chapter emphasizes the value of gratitude and generosity, and warns against forgetting or forsaking those who have helped us. The chapter also praises those who help others without expecting anything in return, and compares their benevolence to the greatness of the earth and the sky.


The Couplets of Tamil Kurukeluthu 11






Couplet


Translation


Explanation




சய்யமல் சய்த உதவக்க வயகமம் வனகமம் ஆற்றல் அரத.


For help unasked, earth and heavenCan scarce repay with all their might.


This couplet praises the rare and noble act of helping someone without being asked or expecting anything in return. It says that even the earth and the sky cannot fully repay such a deed.




கலத்த னற்சய்த நன்ற சறதனனம் ஞலத்தன் மணப் பரத.


Though small as millet-seed the help,Done at need is great as palm-tree huge.


This couplet compares the size of a millet-seed to a palm-tree to illustrate that a small help done at the right time can have a huge impact. It says that one should not underestimate the value of timely assistance.




பயன்தக்க ர் சய்த உதவ நயன்தக்கன் நன்ம கடலன் பரத.


The help which helps but once; but nobler farThe help which helps for ever and aye.


This couplet distinguishes between two types of help: one that is done for a single benefit, and one that is done for a lasting benefit. It says that the latter is more noble and greater than the ocean.




தனத்தணநன்ற மறப்பத சனம்கனத்தணயம் உள.


To forget a favour is a sin;But worse, to bear a grudge within.


This couplet warns against the two extremes of ingratitude: one is to forget the good deed done by someone, and the other is to resent the person who helped us. It says that both are harmful and sinful.


நன்ற மறப்பத நன்றயல்ல சய்யன்உன்ன மறப்பர் சயன்.


If thou forget the good deed done,Thy doer too will thee forget anon.


This couplet states the consequence of being ungrateful: if we forget the person who helped us, they will also forget us when we need them. It says that gratitude is a reciprocal virtue that binds people together.


நன்ற மற கண்டழக வண்ட ம் அன்ற அவ சய்ய மடய ம்.


With grateful heart thy duty do;No other way canst thou thy work pursue.


This couplet advises us to perform our duties with a grateful heart, and not with a sense of obligation or compulsion. It says that gratitude is the best motivation for doing good deeds.


நன நன நன வர ம் ப ரந் த நல ஆக ம் நல.


Think, think, and think again;Thus shalt thou reach the state serene.


This couplet urges us to reflect on the kindness shown by others, and not to take it for granted. It says that by thinking deeply about the benefits we have received, we will attain a state of peace and contentment.


எந்ந ட க ம் உள்ள ம் உள்ள எந்ந


In every thought the grateful thought include;No other thought can ever be so good.


This couplet extols the virtue of gratitude as the best thought that one can have. It says that gratitude should be present in every thought we have, and that no other thought can compare with it.


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